Rila National Park ranks among the most significant of protected areas in Bulgaria and Europe. Its territory is an extremely diverse network of habitats, most of which have remained practically untouched by human activity and preserve diverse and wholly natural animal communities. Rila National Park’s fauna is extremely rich, comprising 2,934 species of invertebrate organisms and 172 species of vertebrates, most of which form numerous, healthy, and viable populations.

           Among the invertebrate fauna, 242 endemic species and subspecies have been identified, as well as 244 relict taxa—survivors of past geological ages. Evolutionary processes continue within the Park and new invertebrate species emerge undisturbed. Total numbers of thirteen species of invertebrates are threatened with extinction on a global scale.

           Five species of fish, 20 species of amphibians and reptiles, 48 species of mammals, and 99 species of birds represent the vertebrate fauna. Twenty-four of these vertebrate species are listed in the World Red Data Book as nearly extinct. Chamois, Capercaillie, Hazel Grouse, Rock Partridge, Boreal and Eurasian Pygmy Owl, European Pine Marten and the only one high mountain population of the European Ground Squirrel live in the Rila National Park’s territory. There can be found brown bear and wolf as representatives of the big predators. The Park is one of the European territories with the most vital populations of birds of prey. It is also basic ecological corridor among European, Mediterranean, and Front-Asian fauna.

           Rila National Park has some of the healthiest and most viable populations of predatory birds in Europe. The Park is also home to a group of birds characteristic of the high mountain zone: wall creeper, alpine chough, and alpine accentor, globally representing this region for the ornithofauna of the alpine biome.


RilaNP national student competition
Bio2Care Project events
Bio2Care Project event
EMW 2020