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Limited human impact

Limited human impact

The area for limiting the human impact is directly dependent on the location of the existing reserves, the territories that fall into it are described in connection with the respective reserve.
Parangalitsa Reserve - a zone for limiting the human impact is formed around the reserve as follows: to the west along the line of Rusalia Peak - Kartal Peak; to the east, Kartala peak - hut. "Macedonia" and a strip 200 m wide from the hut. "Macedonia" to the south and southeast to Rusalia Peak. This area limits the human impact of the presence of the resort "Bodrost", the village of Bachevo, the villages of Godlevo, Dobarsko, Semkovo.
"Central Rila Reserve" - ​​around the reserve is a zone for limiting human impact, as follows: to the north the area extends from the line Budachki Kamak to the hut "Chakar Voyvoda" to limit easy access from Borovets, Beli Iskar and Mala Tsarkva . To the east, this area reduces the impacts of the route to x. "Potter". Included here are places of high conservation importance, such as the areas around Suha Vapa Peak and the Yakoruda Lakes Circus. The area to the south limits the anthropogenic impact on the reserve. The western border of the reserve is the western border of the park and the restriction of human impact from the west is a subject of joint activity with the Directorate of the Rila Monastery National Park. Skakavitsa Reserve - the area for limiting human impact is divided as follows: west to Kabul peak and the eastern slopes, including the eastern and northeastern slopes below the peak. The designation of this area aims to preserve high-quality white fir forests with many endemic and relict species and a high number of taxa.
Ibar Reserve - a zone for limiting human impact is formed around the reserve in order to reduce the anthropogenic impact, most often associated with visitors to the park from Kostenets and Belmeken. The demarcated area will allow better protection of chamois and large birds of prey.
Zone for limiting the human impact "Northwestern Rila" - The main reason for its separation is the need to protect this part of the forest-free area of ​​conservation importance, which is less represented in the existing reserves. The area includes: the natural landmark "Urdini Lakes", the circus of the Seven Lakes and the area around Malyovitsa peak east to Rimski Drum, in order to protect lake and lakeside ecosystems, rock communities with a high degree of floristic endemism, endangered animal species such as the Balkan chamois, bears and rock eagles. This area has great biodiversity and landscape value, as well as a unique mineralogical complex.For this reason, the management of the tourist flow is imperative. Area about 2,200 ha.
Part of the zone for limiting the human impact is established as a priority for ensuring biological exchange between the reserves "Central Rila Reserve" and "Ibar".
Purpose of the area for limiting the human impact.
Although the park area around the reserves provides them with significant protection, the mere declaration of the park is not enough to fully guarantee their future protection. In order to increase the security for the protection of the existing reserves, a zone for limiting the human impact is determined. The purpose of this area is to reduce the physical impact on the ecosystems in the reserves by limiting the performance of certain activities in the areas immediately around them. This area also aims to maintain the biological integrity between the individual reserves. It includes areas that allow the unimpeded movement of wild animals between individual reserves and the maintenance of genetic flow among plant and animal populations in them.
І. Regimes for the area of ​​limitation of human impact
All activities are prohibited except:
1. Security;
2. Extinguishing fires and fire-fighting activities according to a prepared fire management project;
3. Rescue and police actions;
4. Maintenance and restoration of plant and animal species and their habitats;
5. Elimination of non-native (foreign) plant and animal species;
6. Regulation of the number of animal species in:
6.1. Epizootics;
6.2. In case of damage to pets or threat to visitors;
6.3. Elimination of stray dogs and cats, crosses between wild and domestic animals;
7. Collection of genetic material, wild plants and animals for scientific purposes or for their restoration elsewhere in quantities, methods and time, excluding disturbances in ecosystems;
8. Maintenance and restoration activities in the forests, in plantations damaged over 15% as a result of natural disasters and calamities, as well as in the artificial plantations for their gradual transformation into natural ones according to an approved development project; 9. Anti-erosion activities and reclamation of disturbed terrains according to approved projects;
10. Grazing in certain places according to an approved project;
11. Construction and maintenance of temporary shelters for animal husbandry according to approved technical projects in certain places; 12. Transit passage of herds according to project designations;
13. Haymaking in places determined by an approved project with a permit from the NPD;
14. Hiking without overnight stay and without camping, on defined and marked routes;
15. Rock climbing in places determined by an approved project. When holding mass events after coordination with the NPD;
16. Carrying out educational and training activities in the centers for traditional spiritual councils:
16.1. Tent camp of the White Brotherhood Bulgaria Society in the area of ​​hut The Seven Lakes according to an approved project;
16.2. Tent camp of the Bulgarian Yoga Federation in the area of ​​the hotel. "Rila Lakes" according to an approved project;
17. Recreational fishing in the designated places;
18. Collection of berries, mushrooms and herbs for personal needs on the territory of the whole area outside the places determined by an approved project and marked;
19. Marking and fencing of the belts from the sanitary protection zones;
20. Removal of non-functioning buildings and facilities;
21. Research, environmental monitoring;
22. Educational activity.
ІІ. Norms in the area for limiting the human impact
1. Pasha:
1.1. The number of domestic animals allowed for grazing is determined in compliance with the following standards:
1.1.1. For cattle - minimum 12 decares per head;
1.1.2. For sheep - at least 4 decares per head;
1.2. Herds are accompanied by a maximum of three dogs, which must wear bridles;
2. Shelters for animal husbandry - according to approved projects: without foundation, fitting in the middle;
3. Educational and educational activities in the centers for traditional spiritual councils:
3.1. Tent camps of the White Brotherhood Bulgaria Society and the Bulgarian Yoga Federation, according to an approved development project of the camp site. Until the preparation of the project after coordination with the NPD;
4. Recreational fishing - Authorized catch period:
4.1. for trout species - from 1 May to 30 September;
4.2. for the other species from - from July 1 to October 31.