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Reserve

Reserve

Reserves area includes all areas of primary nature conservation importance in the park. All of them were announced in the interval 1933-1992. According to Art. 16 para. 1 of the Protected Areas Act, samples of natural ecosystems, including characteristic and / or remarkable wild plant and animal species and their habitats, shall be declared reserves. The importance of the reserves as territories with high conservation value is very great and they are proof of the fulfillment of Bulgaria's commitments for strict nature protection activities.

This area includes the existing four reserves in the park with a total area of ​​16,232.5 ha or 20% of the area of ​​Rila National Park.
Central Rila Reserve
Ibar Reserve
Parangalitsa Reserve
Skakavitsa Reserve

 
Purpose of the "Reserves" zone
This zone is declared in order to maintain the natural condition of the territories of the highest conservation importance. The area allows the highest degree of protection of plant and animal communities. The reserves are the core of shaping centers in the park and include habitats essential for many animal and plant species and communities endangered at national, European and global levels. This area covers the territory in the park, placed under a strict nature protection regime.
І. Modes for the "Reserves" zone
All activities and actions are prohibited, except for:
1. Security;
2. Fire extinguishing, preventive measures and activities under an approved fire management project;
3. Rescue and police actions;
4. Marking and maintaining the marking of the borders;
5. Transit hiking on certain routes, including for educational purposes:
5.1. Through the Ibar Reserve:
5.1.1. from Kostenets resort on Chavcha river and Ravnivrashka river to Belmeken hut;
5.1.2. from Gurgulitsa hut along Krayna and Ravnivrashka rivers to Belmeken hut;
5.1.3. from Belmeken hut to Iron Dere;
5.1.4. from the Belmeken hut to the valley of the Rajavitsa River;
5.1.5. from Venetitsa hut through Topokliata locality to Ibar peak;
5.2. Through the "Central Rila Reserve":
5.2.1. from Chakar Voyvoda hut along the Kaiser road to Maritsa hut;
5.2.2. from Chakar Voyvoda hut through Shatar to Musala hut;
5.2.3. along the valley of Tiha Maritsa for Musala peak;
5.2.4. from Musala peak through Bliznatsite and Marishki peak for Granchar hut and Zavrachitsa hut;
5.2.5. from Medarnika hut through Kobilino branishte to Ribni ezera hut;
5.2.6. from Ribni Ezera hut through Kanarski Preslap, Vapa peak to Musala peak;
5.3. Through the Parangalitsa Reserve:
5.3.1. from hut "Macedonia" for the area Predela;
5.4. Through the Skakavitsa reserve:
5.4.1. from Panichishte resort to Skakavitsa hut;
5.4.2. from Skakavitsa hut to Lovna and Rilski ezera huts;
6. Transit passage of cattle and shepherds on established passes through the Ibar reserve:
6.1. from the resort of Kostenets along the Chavcha River and the Ravnivrashka River to the Belmeken hut and the high mountain pastures;
6.2. from the Kraina River to the Ravnivrashka River and the high mountain pastures;
7. Collection of seed material, wild plants and animals for scientific purposes or for their restoration in other places with the permission of the Ministry of Environment and Water (PTA, Art. 17, para 1, item 4);
8. Sanitary measures under Art. 17, para. 1, item 5 of the Protected Areas Act under the conditions of Art. 17, para. 4;
9. Scientific activity and ecological monitoring;
ІІ. Norms
1. When collecting seed material, wild plants and animals for scientific purposes or for their restoration elsewhere, the quantity, number, methods and methods of collection, as well as the number of groups shall be determined by the permit issued by the MoEW;
2. In extinguishing fires, rescue and police actions, the activities and the number of participants are determined depending on the specific situation and need;
3. Felling and export of timber during sanitary measures as a result of natural disasters and calamities shall be carried out according to a technological project approved by the MoEW with animal traction, without construction of new roads.
4. When visiting reserves for scientific purposes, the organized groups should number up to 5 people.
5. Organized groups passing through the reserves should number up to 15 people.
6. 5When marking and maintaining the boundaries of the reserves, the groups should number up to 5 people.